Ever wondered how big Kunekune Pigs can get? Then you are not alone. In this article, we explained how big these pigs can get,
The Kunekune pigs are small rotund build pigs with wattles hanging from their lower jams. They are friendly, smart, and brilliant animals that serve as great pets.
Currently, in Europe, the Kunekune pigs serve as the most famous pig pet.
How big can Kunekune pigs get?
The Kunekune is the smallest breed of pigs. They can get about 4 feet (1.2 meters long) and weigh about 130 – 220 lbs (60 to 100 Kg), with the males weighing considerably heavier than females.
They are primarily found in New Zealand, and the funny part is they don’t originate there. So how did they get to New Zealand and are now connected to her?
In 1976, the Kunekube were gradually going extinct, and very few were left on the planet earth. Michael Willis and John Simister took it upon themselves to save this specie of pig. They began buying every Kunekune they got their hands on.
They could get 18 of the pigs, and immediately the New Zealand Kunekune pig association was formed. This association did a great job preserving this specie of pig, and currently, there are over 1000 Kunekune pigs in New Zealand.
Physical characteristics of Kunekune Pigs
There are small pigs whose body shape is best described as non-extreme, which is not long and lean like a commercial pig, or pot-bellied or short like micro pigs. They come in different shades of colors ranging from ginger, cream, gold-tip, black, brown, to black and white.
Some of them are tricolored, and some come in various spotty colors. One exciting part of their physical characteristics are the pair of tassels under their chin called Piri Piri. Their heads are mostly small or medium-sized, with semi-lop or pick ears.
They are steady, gentle, calm, and collected in terms of temperament. This makes them easier to handle. This is one reason you can keep a Kunekune pig at home with your kids and are sure they are all doing well. However, they are still considered certain domestic pig species and rare pig specie.
Domesticating a KuneKune Pig
Even though the KuneKune pigs are extremely intelligent, they can be stubborn, mischievous, and easily bored. The best solution to reduce their stubborn instinct is to home train them from a young age. You can train a Kunekune pig like a dog.
You can teach them how to walk on a leash, do simple tricks, and even visit the washroom alone outside the house. If you want to learn faster, you will have to implore the positive reward system.
They are getting easily motivated when rewarded, and they tend to learn faster. Like a dog, a Kunekune pig requires a solid leader to lead them, or they may fall into being aggressive and dominating.
Compared to other species of pigs, the KuneKune pigs are very clean animals with minimal smell. So you don’t have a problem struggling with the usual pig smell allergy.
Generally, the Kunekune pigs stay quiet most times, but they tend to scream out if frightened or threatened. Also, you should be ready to deal with their endless appetites for food – you know how pigs are when it comes to food. One little secret about this specie of pig is that they can be notorious food moochers and thieves.
Facts about Kunekune Pigs
Unlike other species of pigs, the Kunekune take a long time to reach adulthood, and their growth rate varies.
Some Kunekune pigs may look small at two or three years and suddenly spurt up to become large at age four. Their growth rate is not easily predictable.
Both genetic and nutrition factors determine the final size of a Kunekune pig. If you deprived a young Kunekune pig while growing up, the pig will be smaller than it could have been.
So nutrition is important to them. This takes us to the feeding habit.
Feeding a Kunekune Pig
You need to know that even though Kunes are small-sized, they aren’t mini pigs, and you should never feed them with mini pig food. Kunes eat standard 15 – 17% protein pig pellets.
You are to feed them half in the morning and a half at night. The nutritional breakdown of Kunes feeding is as follows:
- Piglets: 2 – 4 months – 2 cups per day
- Pigs: 4 – 9 months – 3 cups per day
- Adult Pig: – 4 – 6 cups per day
- Lactating sow: – 4 – 6 cups + 0.5 lb per piglet per day
Please, you should never offer your Kunes with free-choice grain or use the conventional pig gravity feeders; this will make them get obese quickly. They must not get any food that goes through the kitchen.
Also, stick to fruits and vegetables, and avoid acidic stuff like tomatoes and citrus as it can cause mouth sores. Avoid alum food like onions, garlic, and leeks as they can cause gastric upset.
Avoid avocado skins and pits of stone fruits like cherries and peaches. Ensure that there is always a supply of clean water. You can feed them with hay during summer, as they love grazing on the field.
Kunekune Pig Hygiene
Bathing is beneficial to pets like dogs and cats, not to pigs. Unless you are showing them off, bathing your Kunes is necessary.
Naturally, a muddy pig is a healthy, happy pig. Instead of bathing, brushing and hoof filling is better and great for their health. Emotionally, it helps you bond better with your pig.
During extreme weather, the Kunes quickly get dry, and their skins become flaky, so regular brushing of the skins with edible oil like olive, coconut, and argan. To avoid sunburn, summer oil should be applied to their skins during summer.
For older Kunes, pedicures are essential to keep them from getting lame, as their leg health is very important in carrying the weight of their body.
What is the life expectancy of a Kunekune Pig?
They have a life expectancy of eight to ten years. Their lifespan can be influenced by nutrition and medication.
Other things you should know about Kunekune Pigs
- To own a Kunekune pig, you need a County Parish Holding” (CPH) number from the Rural Payments Agency (RPA). After collecting your CPH number, your local authority will assign a herd number to you.
- Kunekune is a friendly pig that can lie for hours while you rub their tummies.
- Kunekunes should be dewormed every six months. As far as they stay indoors, the Kunes don’t need any form of vaccination.
- They don’t have any special health issues you need to worry about, except they get obese very easily. They are prone to many weight-related ailments.
- They’re not good at escaping, so you are assured that they are always at home.
- They require straw bedding.
- They easily get along with other animals after a suitable introduction.
- A female Kunes that doesn’t breed when she’s in season may get bad-tempered.
- You have to trim their feet every once in a while using sheep clippers
- They need shade and a “wallow” (a pool of water and wet mud to wallow in). It helps them to cool off.
Kunekune pigs are a wonderful species of pigs that can be used as pets. They aren’t prone to disease like other species of pigs.
When breeding a Kunes pig, all you have to be conscious of is their diet because they tend to grow obese.