What is the Voltage Supposed to be on a Yanmar Tractor?
Whether you have a small or a large commercial Yanmar tractor for either mowing the lawn or pulling farm machinery, the machine won’t do much good if the voltmeter in the electrical system is not at the correct number.
Knowing the voltage on a Yanmar tractor is not optional knowledge but a must-know if you want your tractor to serve you well.
What is the Voltage supposed to be on a Yanmar Tractor?
In one sentence, the Yanmar tractor is supposed to have 12V to function optimally.
How Can I Check for 12V on a Yanmar Tractor?
This procedure applies to every other kind of tractor. The steps are:
Disconnect the negative battery cable with a wrench. Clip the jumper cables to tie battery terminals in the order of red to positive, and black to negative.
Use a wrench and a screwdriver to remove the hot positive wires from the generator’s field and armature terminals.
Clip the black ground jumper cable to the terminal on the generator marked “field.” Clip the red i.e. the positive jumper cable to the terminal on the generator marked “armature”. If the armature does not spin, it means it is faulty.
Insert the red positive lead from the voltmeter under the red jumper cable clamp. Then remove the black jumper cable from the generator’s terminal and immediately clip it to the black lead from the voltage meter.
This process should cause the generator to speed up and the reading on the voltmeter to rise, topping between 12 to 13 volts. If it either falls too high or low, you should know that your voltmeter is beginning to be faulty.
Can the voltage of a Yanmar tractor increase or decrease? If yes, how can you detect and remediate the situation?
Before I go into answering the above questions. You must understand that a tractor’s alternator cycles and regulates the power from the battery. Within this alternator lie the voltage regulator which disperses that electricity at a consistent rate. If the voltage emits begins to fall, the tractor’s performance will be negatively affected. It could stop the tractor from starting altogether.
So, the answer to the first question is a yes. It can increase and decrease. And, both are dangerous to the tractor. And, both signify that the voltage regulator is having a problem or fault.
Let’s look at the signs that signify that your Yanmar tractor has a voltage regulator problem.
Signs of Voltage Regulator Problems in a Yanmar Tractor
1. Dying Battery
If your tractor engine makes unusual noises when you want to start or begins acting slow to crank, know that your battery is dying.
If the battery is not very old and requires a replacement, you should know that the voltage regulator is having a problem.
When the voltage regulator is having a problem, it causes the power to cycle in surges rather than in a consistent manner. This goes to the extent of stopping the battery from charging.
2. Unstable Engine Performance
As stated earlier, the voltage regulator controls the flow of electricity to all parts of the tractor including the engine. When it gets bad, it is known to cause engine stalling, irregular engine timing, acceleration issues, and misfires.
3. Lights Dimming
If your instrument panel lights and headlights start getting dim, it is a strong pointer that your tractor is not working on a consistent voltage.
If you also discover that all the lights on your tractor are inconsistent or are shaking, it is telling you that you need to check your voltage regulator.
4. Instrument Cluster Stops Working
A problematic voltage regulator can cause instrument gauges to stop working. Although it won’t prevent your tractor from working, it will prevent you from seeing important information like RPMs, oil temperatures, and fuel levels.
5. Voltage Readings are Wrong
If your gauge shows an erratically changing reading from your battery when starting on the tractor, it is a sign that your regulator is faulty and needs to be changed.
The Yanmar tractor voltage problem is not without a solution. When you encounter any, you can simply take your tractor to a mechanical electrician to troubleshoot the tractor’s electrical system to fix the problem.