Do you rear goats and want to know how soon a goat can get pregnant after giving birth? The information in this article will provide your answers and more about goat pregnancies.
Goats are among the first set of domesticated animals by man that has been grown for their milk, meat, and hides for a very long time.
Rearing goats can be difficult if you haven’t reared one before.
Whether you rear goats for private consumption or for money’s sake, you must know certain essential things about goats.
It will be important for you first to understand how the reproductive system of a goat works. And one of them is how soon goats can get pregnant after birth. But before I go deep into explaining it.
The Nature of a Goat’s Reproductive cycle
The reproductive circle of a goat runs seasonally. This trait is found in wild goats who mate only in November and December, so the kids will grow in favorable conditions that will enhance their growth.
These goats that breed at this time are usually called “Seasonal breeders.”
Domesticated goats only mate when they are in heat. According to research, there is a connection between heat in goats and daylight.
Also, it has been discovered that high temperature and prolonged light can suppress the desire of the goat to mate.
Although the bucks mate throughout the year, the heat dictates when they will produce offspring.
In essence, Heat is essential for goats to get pregnant.
Heat Cycle of Goats
The heat in most domesticated goat species appears in the fall when the nights are longer and the days shorter.
However, if the right conditions and good nutrition are constantly available, some goats will always be on heat, ready to reproduce at all times.
Naturally, the heat cycle of a goat occurs every 18 to 24 days, an average of 21 days. However, younger goats do have a heat cycle between 5 to 7 days, but it is mostly rare.
Heat itself manifests in mature goats over a period ranging from 24 to 72 hours.
Haven discussed the Nature of the reproductive and heat cycle of oats. Let’s go into the main point.
How Soon Can A Goat Get Pregnant After Giving Birth?
There is no exact time frame for a goat to become pregnant after birth. But certain factors, such as the heat discussed above, influence it.
For a goat to get pregnant after giving birth, it must return to heat first.
Usually, a doe (a female goat) returns to heat after kidding. But for health’s sake, you should give your doe a recovery break.
Kidding and lactating can be very exhausting for the doe. So, it is wise that the doe rests before being brought to the male goat.
Let’s go to the gestation period to understand the above point better.
Gestation Period for Goats
Usually, the gestation period of goats is 150 days. Although, this ranges from 143 to 157 days depending on the breed of the goat, the age, the gender of the kids and how many, the health, and whether it is the first birth.
How Many Times Do Goats Give Birth In A Year?
Most goats give birth only once a year. As stated earlier, a goat’s gestation period is 150 days, and the doe can get back to heat several times a year, but this is not enough for the doe to give birth more than twice a year.
An example of a goat breed that gives birth twice a year is the “Boer” breed.
Goats of this breed come into heat throughout the year. As a result, Boers deliver kids both during the spring and fall seasons.
Dwarf goats can also bread throughout the year. Many goat’s rearers have adopted a strategy that can make the doe give birth thrice a year.
It is possible, but this can come with complications for both the doe and her kids.
At What Age Can A Goat Get Pregnant?
According to research, buckling gets fertile at the age of five months.
Although successful breeding can occur in the doe kid at three months of age. This means that the doe kid can give birth to kids at three months of age.
Although possible, you shouldn’t let that happen, or her goat will be stunted permanently. And this won’t be nice.
Why Does Goat Die After Giving Birth?
Goats can have abortions and stillbirths because of multiple reasons. The major one is caused by infections like; chlamydiosis, toxoplasmosis, brucellosis, or leptospirosis.
Secondly, it can be caused by poor nutrition, farm hygiene, or biosecurity.
Sometimes, kids are born weak from the causes but die afterward.
How Many Kids Does A Goat Have Per Birth?
On an average score, goats have two kids per gestation, but it is still not rare for them to have three or four kids at once.
There are cases where goats give birth to five to six kids. All this depends on their breed and the strength of their health.
According to the Guinness Book of Records, the current record of the goats that gave birth to the most kids at once is held by a Nigerian dwarf goat, “Angelica,” from the United States. This doe gave birth to seven kids on February 16, 2019.
I believe by now you know how soon a goat can get pregnant after giving birth.
As a goat breeder, it is important to keep everything you read now in your brain because there will be times you will need to practice it or draw out what is wrong with your goats.