When Do Nigerian Dwarf Goats Get Horns
We probably have seen or even owned Nigerian dwarf goats that have horns and we keep on wondering why will goats have horns.
Most times, we get sacred of such goats. But are they harmful? When do Nigerian dwarf goats get horns? Can Nigerian dwarfs’ goats be dehorned and be like normal goats?
The answer to this and many more bothering questions will be treated in this article. I will advise you to calm down and go through the information carefully so that you won’t miss anything.
What are Nigerian Dwarfs Goats?
The Nigerian dwarf goats are a small dairy goat with short hairs that comes in a variety of colours and patterns.
The male and female of this breed can be born with or without horns. Their life expectancy is between 8 to 12 years.
The interesting thing about this breed of goat is that the doe mostly gives birth to 3 or 4 kids at a time.
As early as seven months, the doe kid can start reproducing. Their gestation period is usually between 145 to 153 days.
Do All Nigeria Dwarfs Goats Have Horns?
Yes, most of the Nigerian dwarf goats are born with the ability to grow horns. Some are born with already sprouted out horns while some with horn buds.
When kids are born, the ones with horn buds develop horn within couples of weeks.
The horns continue to appear apparent until disbudded. Only a few, about 5% may escape not having either horns or horns buds.
Horns can naturally be beautiful most times. That’s on a lighter note though.
However, these horns can be dangerous to humans and animals at times.
The goats themselves are not exempted, as sometimes they can get stuck to a fence or something with their horns and end up injuring themselves.
When Do Nigerian Dwarf Goats Get Horns?
There is no specific time of life when dwarf goats get horns. As stated, earlier some come with it straight from birth.
While in other, it sprouts up when there are a week old, two or three weeks old.
How fast Do Goats Horns Grow?
A Nigerian dwarf kid grows horns quickly after birth. Within a week, the horn will start showing through their hairs. That’s how fast they grow horns.
Is there a way I can disbud or dehorn my goats?
Yes, there is. The most effective way to prevent a goat from growing horn is by disbudding them while there are still kids with a hot iron.
You are expected to disbud the kids at 4 to 10 days of age to get a perfect result.
How to Disbud Nigerian Dwarf Goat Horns
Without repeating words, goats can be disbudded with hot irons or with a disbudding tool. A proper disbudding tool should have a tip of ¾ to 1 diameter.
You can use a piece of pipe heated with a blowhorn to burn the horn buds. But the electric disbudding irons are more convenient to use.
You can also use a disbudding box to hold your kids during disbudding.
It keeps your baby goats immobilized and allows you to put your attention where it needs to be.
It also allows you to apply a hot iron to the proper place on the kid’s head.
For budding to be active, It has to be done when the kids are a few days old especially from 4 to 10 days.
Because at this age, the kid is strong, the skull is thicker and they are less likely to be accidentally affected.
Before you disbud your kids, make sure they are vaccinated for tetanus. After the first disbudding.
Make sure you are checking the kids every 2 to 3 months for scur growth.
If you find even a tiny bit of horn, heat the iron again and burn the horn areas.
This small scur if not removed may turn into a large problem by the time the kids grow up. Because when they are adult, it will be difficult to eliminate the horns.
Also, you can use disbudding pastes or caustic sticks to disbud the horns on the goats.
Although, these disbudding pastes and caustic sticks can be dangerous at times.
The substances can run off into the goats’ eye or get rubbed off on another goat.
If you must use it, it must be done with absolute care.
For you to use it, you must restrain the kids for a half-hour or longer before applying it.
You can hold the kids on your arms or place them in a kid holding box to restrain their movement.
Can you dehorn a mature goat?
Yes, you can, but it can be very dangerous. The goats may die or given a permanent scar.
The fact is that when a goat is mature, its skull has now become static and too strong.
It will be very hard for the horn to be disbudding because it has now become like a rock on the skull.
To forcefully remove it, is to usher your goats into pains that can either kill them, give them fever or cause them to be deformed.
I will advise that you shouldn’t touch the horn of your Nigerian dwarf goats if you didn’t disbud them when they were young.
Nigerian dwarf goats are very delicate animals and must be treated with optimum care.
Horns are not so bad altogether. They can be very beautiful. However, if it must be removed, use the right technique and do it at the right time.